What do the original sources tell us about Tippu ?; First Jihad Against Hindus Of Malabar-Part 4

· Date:September 13, 2010

Taken from


Let us see what the Quran says, “Allah revealed His Will to the Angels saying ‘I shall be with you, give courage to the believers. I shall cast terror into the hearts of the infidels. Strike off their heads, maim them in every limb. “(Surah 8: Ayat 12).So you see, such acts of violence, inhuman torture and barbarism, have been considered sacred duties of every Muslim in Islamic theology and practice, inspired by the ‘Holy’ Quran itself.

So what do the original sources tell us about Tippu?

“The first thing that Ali Raja of Cannanore did after his appointment as the Naval Chief of Hyder Ali’s army, was to capture the King of Laccadives and present him to Hyder Ali after gouging out the eyes of the helpless victim (p. 459). Later the fisherfolk living there were forcibly converted to Islam. According to the report of Gen. Abercromby of Bombay who was in Kerala supervising the English Company’s operations, “Moplahs are fanatic Muslims who are also treacherous by nature. From the repeated treachery and notorious infidelity of the whole Moplahs race, rigid and terrifying measures have become indispensably necessary. Lenity (towards Moplahs) has been found ineffectual” [Tippu Sultan, Villain Or Hero. An Anthology. Voice Of India, New Delhi. Pg 533.]

In the words of Ravi Varma, one of the contributors to the anthology: “It was Tippu Sultan and his fanatic Muslim army who converted thousands of Hindus to Islam all along the invasion route and occupied areas in North Kerala, Coorg, Mangalore, and other parts of Karnataka. Besides over 8,000 Hindu temples were desecrated and/or destroyed by his Muslim army. Even today, one can see large concentrations of Muslims and ruins of hundreds of destroyed temples in North Kerala as standing evidence of the Islamic brutalities committed by Tippu Sultan … He was, all through, waging a cruel Islamic war against the unarmed Hindu population of Kerala, with a large Muslim army and ably assisted by the French with powerful field guns and European troops. …”

The anthology also quotes from ‘A Voyage to the East Indies’ by Fra Barthoelomeo, a renowned Portuguese traveller and historian, who was present in Tippu’s war zone in early 1790: “First a corps of 30,000 barbarians who butchered everybody on the way … followed by the field gun unit under the French commander, M. Lally. Tippu was riding on an elephant behind which another army of 30,000 soldiers followed. Most of the men and women were hanged in Calicut, first mothers were hanged with their children tied to necks of mothers. That barbarian Tippu Sultan tied the naked Christian and Hindus to the legs of elephants and made the elephants to move around till the bodies of the helpless victims were torn to pieces. Temples and churches were ordered to be burned down, desecrated, and destroyed. … Moreover, evidence of Tippu”s atrocities abounds in many contemporary church records in Mangalore, Calicut, and Varapphuza.”

The anthology includes excerpts from Tippu”s letters as researched by the distinguished Kerala historian K. M. Panicker, which he reviewed in the Bhasha Poshini magazine, August 1923:

1. Letter dated March 22, 1788, to Abdul Kadir:Over 12,000 Hindus were ‘honoured’ with Islam. There were many Namboodiris (Brahmins) among them. This achievement should be widely publicised among the Hindus. There the local Hindus should be brought before you and then converted to Islam. No Namboodiri (Brahmin) should be spared. Also they should be confined there till the dress materials sent for them, reach you.”

2. Letter dated December 14, 1788, to his Army Chief in Calicut:
“I am sending two of my followers with Mir Hussain Ali. With their assistance, you should capture and kill all Hindus. Those below 20 may be kept in prison and 5,000 from the rest should be killed by hanging from the tree-tops. These are my orders.”

3. Letter dated December 21, 1788, to Sheik Kutub:242 Nairs are being sent as prisoners. Categorise them according to their social and family status. After honouring them with Islam, sufficient dress materials may be given to the men and their women.”

4. Letter dated January 18, 1790, to Syed Abdul Dulai:
“With the grace of Prophet Muhammed and Allah, almost all Hindus in Calicut are converted to Islam. Only a few are still not converted on the borders of Cochin State. I am determined to convert them also very soon. I consider this as Jehad to achieve that object.”

5. Letter dated January 19, 1790, to Badroos Saman Khan: “Don’t you know that I have achieved a great victory recently in Malabar and over Four Lakh Hindus were converted to Islam. I am now determined to march against that ‘Cursed Raman Nair’ without delay. (Reference is to Rama Varma Raja of Travancore Kingdom who was popularly known as Dharma Raja for giving shelter in his state to all those who fled Malabar.) Thinking that he and his subjects would be soon converted to Islam, I am overjoyed and hence abandoned the idea of returning to Srirangapatanam.”

Historian Hayavadana C. Rao asserted that Tippu’s “religious fanaticism and the excesses committed in the name of religion, both in Mysore and in the provinces, stand condemned for all time. His bigotry, indeed, was so great that it precluded all ideas of toleration”. He further asserts that the acts of Tippu that were constructive towards Hindus were largely political and ostentatious rather than an indication of genuine tolerance. [Hayavadana C. Rao, History of Mysore 1399-1799: Incorporating the latest Epigraphical, Literary and Historical Researches Vol. 3 pgs 1047-53, Bangalore Government Press.]

The nightmarish results of Tippu’s invasion of Kerala have been aptly described by the former editor of Gazetteer of Kerala and the renowned historian A. Sreedhara Menon.

“But in reality, he was only a religious fanatic who believed in converting as many Hindus to Islam, and killing those who didn’t fall in line. Living in Kerala, one does not have to read historical books to know about Tippu”s oppression. It was just a few generations back and Tippu”s cruelty is a part of the folk-lore. Temples relocated, idols (some of them even made of gold) buried (some of them recently recovered) and people resettled, in the wake of Tippu’s military campaign (“padayottam” as it is locally known).” [Meanderthalis, “Tippu Sultan – the Glorified Butcher?” August 28, 2006.]

One of the leading Congressman of pre-independence days, K. Madhava Nair, observes on page 14 of his famous book, Malabar Kalapam (Mappila outrage): “The communal Mappila (Moplah) outrage of 1921 in Malabar could be easily traced to the forcible mass conversion and related Islamic atrocities of Tippu Sultan during his cruel military regime from 1783 to 1792.”

Dr. P.C.C. Raja, a direct descendent of the Zamorin of Calicut, writes in the anthology: “TIPPU SULTAN WAS ONE OF THE WORST FANATICS, AND MORE INHUMAN THAN EVEN THE NAZIS.”

According to Lewis B. Boury, the atrocities committed by Tippu Sultan against Hindus in Malabar were worse and more barbarous than those committed against the Hindus in Hindustan by the notorious MAHMUD OF GHAZNI, ALAUDDIN KHALJI, AND NADIR SHAH.

“Unfortunately, there are no memorials erected anywhere in Kodungallur, or Trichur, or Alwaye to honour Dharma Raja who gave shelter in his state to thousands of Hindus escaping from the Islamic brutalities of the fanatic Tippu Sultan; or to Ayyappan Marthanda Pillai who was the architect of the historic Nedumkotta Fort or to Raja Keshavadas under whose direct command a comparatively small army humbled and defeated the vast hordes of the invading army of Tippu Sultan; or to the scores of valiant Hindu soldiers who laid down their lives to protect their country, their culture and their ancient faith.” [Anthology. Appendix 2]It’s high time that the new generation Hindus are told the true Story of this Jihadi Tippu Sultan that he is not a Hero but a Villain in our History.

Unfortunately, we, the Hindus, have had to suffer a continuous history of conquests and foreign rule for over seven centuries.


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  1. Bharatheeyan Reply

    September 13, 2010 at 8:54 am

    Moplah Riot
    This part of the history not at all taught in our schools and colleges. The first Jihad has been converted to secular by our historians by pointing the fingers on the inefficency of local Kings by our historians. The second Jihad has been painted as “Peasants struggle” by our communists for the sake of votes. EMS actually did a criminal offence by painting Moplah riot as agricultural unrest and rebellion.Actually it was the communists who introduced vote bank politics to Kerala by supporting and legitimising Moplah rebellion. 5

  2. skg Reply

    September 13, 2010 at 6:38 pm

    Tippu is another Aurangazeb !!.
    Just by reading the first few paragraphs one can see that Tippu is another Aurangazeb. Congi politicians have successfully converted this Avatar of Aurangazeb into a secular tolerant ruler of Mysore. 5

  3. Gaurav Mittal Reply

    September 14, 2010 at 5:49 am

    Thank you HK
    A hearty thank you to HK for publishing soul-awakening articles, esp. on Tipu Sultan.

    I’ve become addicted to HK and I rarely read any newspapers, except a few sites like Daily Pioneer and Hindu Jagruti.

    Keep writing and keep awakening others. Thanks. 5

  4. k.v.raghavan Reply

    September 14, 2010 at 11:16 pm

    About muslims of south
    It was all along beleived by common men particularly the Hindus, that Muslims never did any harm to the Hindus of south. I used to counter their arguments whenever I got an opportunity. Thiruvarangan Ula a tamil classic highlights the barbaric acts of Muslim rulers of south.

    The Hindus were never taught correct history, so that they can be kept in something similar to somnabulism state, so that, the politicians along with pseudo secular historians can rule our country.

    This myth should and ought to be broken by articles like written here. It may take another twenty to fifty years. 5

  5. proudestkafir Reply

    September 15, 2010 at 7:40 am

    Islamic barbarity and asinine hindus
    Historically the asinine, stupid, idiotic, ignorant and casteist hindus have always been
    1.Subservient to outsiders than local leaders.That is true even today.Look at how the asinine hindus grovel infront of madam.
    2.Hindus have always plotted against their own people and the caste division has been the biggest in influencing the way people behave and react.That is true even today as well. People vote as per the caste and never as per the merit/ability of the candidate.Caste counts more than any thing else.that is why the politician scum bags want to divide the population along caste lines to make the hay while sun shines.Caste based reservation the curse of india and caste based division of work a greater curse.
    I give it to the moslems that they are united when it comes to beheading the kafir hindus.They will kill all types of hindus equally. 5

  6. Napa Swamy Reply

    September 15, 2010 at 12:15 pm

    Very well presented.
    I myself was thinking of covering this topic and even did the ground work.

    But Mr Nair did an excellent job. 5

  7. skg Reply

    September 15, 2010 at 5:35 pm

    Truth not presented to Hindus !!.
    It is amazing how the truth is hidden from the Hindus across India about the attrocities of Tippu . He was acclaimed as Tiger of Mysore which is really a joke. This tiger must have been killed by the warrior Hindus in Kerala. 5

  8. Sudhakaran Reply

    September 21, 2010 at 4:22 pm

    Face the Truth
    Let the ‘secular historians’ entertain lies and deceit.Let them hide true history of Tippu sultan in the shadows of falsehood.
    But how long ?
    Not for a long time.
    Time discovers truth !
    Tippu shaitan was barbarous,primitive and ignorant.
    He was more barbarous than Ivan the terrible,Nadir shah, and Tamerlane.His crimes are so big,perhaps that we can’t conceive…
    Tipu was a dacoit.
    He was an incarnation of Islamic fanaticism and violence.
    Madhav Rao, the Dewan of Travancore wrote:
    “Whatever cruelties the local Mappilas were desirous of indulging in the land,Tippu sultan and his army of converts did.The ancient and holy temples were heartlessly defiled or burnt down.The ruins of those temples destroyed by Tipu’s fanatic army are the existing evidence of the astrocities committed by Muslims in the country”
    But our educational system prevents us from knowing it !
    Hindus should get rid of the false history of mass scale criminals like Tipu sultan.
    Vande Mataram.

  9. vivek Reply

    September 22, 2010 at 6:41 am

    Tippu’s onslaught.
    Everytime I make a circle at Tippu’s Fort in Palakad ,I am ashamed of this blot in Keraleem.Worst still when I realise the Kannadiga hindus who had abetted in the invasion.The initial inaction and ignorance of the treaty by the British to subdue Travancore.It took the Gov.General to step in. As a consequence of the tragic loss of Pazhassi Raja and Velu Thambi Dalawa. And finally now the ticking bomb of Malapuram. 5

  10. vivek Reply

    September 22, 2010 at 3:54 pm

    Tippu’s onslaught
    Every subject of the erstwhile Kingdom of Travancore was taught elements of Hinduism and culture through the then education system. This part of history was embbed into all patriotic subjects.It achieved its literary standard long before the formation of India.It is only after the unruly malabar religion long neglected for 200 years as a colony of Madras Presidency became amalgamated such drastic changes came in the education system. Therein lies the original seeds of the present chaotic and mayhem system of present ruling political system. 5

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